In 1995 Oxfam International was formed. It was formed from a group of organizations that were non-governmental. The idea was for the groups to be working together, so that they would have a strong position internationally to help reduce poverty and prevent injustice.
The name Oxfam came from a group that were founded in England back in 1942. The groupwas called the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief. During the second world war there were women and children starving in Greece, which was occupied by the enemy. Oxfam campaigned for supplies of food to be sent through the naval blockade that was controlled by the allies.
Oxfam International now develops long term programs in communities that are vulnerable to poverty and injustice. This is of course as well as their work delivering relief in an emergency, in their relief aid the are a world leader. Oxfam International campaigns with others as part of a global movement campaigning for a number of different aspects of humanity; combating climate change, providing education for everybody, demanding better health and ending unfair trade rules.
Today, there are 17 member organizations of The Oxfam International confederation consists of 17 member organizations. The member organizations are based in the United States, Spain, New Zealand, The Netherlands, Mexico, Quebec, Japan, Italy, India, Ireland, Hong Kong, Germany, France, Canada, Belgium, Australia and Great Britain. Oxford in the UK is still the home of The Oxfam International Secretariat. The Secretariat also runs their advocacy offices, which are strategically based in Brasilia, Washington DC, New York, Geneva and Brussels. Oxfam work with people living in poverty who are struggling with their human rights and dignity as proper citizens of the earth. By working with partner organizations (thousands of them), Oxfam International focus their efforts in these ways:
- By working on a long term basis with (and through) partners and communities, they aim to combat injustice and get rid of poverty
- By delivering assistance and aid to those people who are directly and indirectly affected by conflict or natural disasters. Although future disasters cannot be prevented the aim is to make the communities more resilient in the future
- By campaigning for change as part of a global movement, encouraging ordinary people to help create a world that is fair
- By pressing decision makers into changing practices and policies that are currently creating injustice and poverty
- By providing information derived from research and the real experience of their work in developing countries, Oxfam International can perform deep analysis of the situation
Oxfam International are present on many of the social networks that the internet offers, which makes it easy to share the information about the current work they are doing. In addition to this Oxfam International release many videos that are informative and sometimes very shocking.